PHOENIX- Hundreds of people throughout the Phoenix area took the Oath of Allegiance to become U.S. citizens this Fourth of July.

They will join the more than 14,000 people becoming citizens nationwide between June 28th and July 10th.

Taking the oath, and becoming a citizen is the end result of a long journey.

The first obstacle most people face is actually getting in the country to establish the needed residency.

While there are exceptions to the rules, depending what country you are from could determine how long of a wait you may have before getting a green card.

In fiscal year 2018, each country had a limit of green cards at 25,860. A country like Mexico, has a waiting list of more than 1.2 million, more than 49 times the per country limit.

If someone is lucky enough to get a green card, they often must wait another five years to establish residency in the United States before they can apply for citizenship.

The process does get easier after the waiting. However applicants must still apply (and pay the $725 in fees) for citizenship, pass a background test, a civics test, and demonstrate an ability to read, write and understand English.

YOUR TURN: Could you pass the US citizenship test?

Lastly, there is the actually easy part, taking the Oath of Allegiance, to officially become a citizen.